Weed seed can come in when you incorporate manure in the garden. Many weeds’ seeds pass through the animal without being digested and will be in the manure. Composting the manure will reduce the problem. Mulch materials can harbor weed seed, too. Use only coastal Bermuda hay, which doesn’t produce seed. It’s grown from cuttings and doesn’t have seed heads. Many of the other types of hay will have weed seeds, including wheat straw. Many of the books you read say to dig the garden deep. Well, this is good in one way — it buries the weed seed deep. But at the same time, deep digging brings up weed seeds that haven’t seen the light for many years. Many can live 10 to 12 years and then germinate when conditions are right. Remove Weeds NowThe best thing, though, is to remove the weeds now, before they produce mature seeds.Pull, hoe, chop, rototill, mulch, bury, burn, eat (yes, some people actually like to eat purslane)or destroy them in some manner.A wise man once said, “Friends come and go, but enemies accumulate.” For thegardener, the enemies are the weeds. For that perfect garden next year, get the weeds outthis year. My father used to say, “One year of seeds, son, and you can count on seven yearsof weeds.”What he was saying was that the one year that you let the weeds mature and produceseeds will return and haunt you for the next seven years. Like most things he told me,this has surely come to pass.Weeds are your garden’s enemies. They rob precious water and nutrients from your gardenplants. They harbor insects and diseases. They compete for light. And most of all, theycause you untold work trying to keep them under control.Actually, the best control is the easiest: don’t let them grow. Garden weeds are goingto seed now, so now is the time to remove them from your garden. Compost them orotherwise, but just make sure that they don’t fall and remain in the garden area.Other Weed ControlsThree other controls of weed seed that might be helpful:
Natixis and La Banque Postale (LBP) have agreed to combine their fixed income and insurance-related asset management businesses within a new entity.According to a statement, the merger of the relevant businesses of Ostrum Asset Management and LBP Asset Management is expected to be completed in the fourth quarter of this year, subject to obtaining regulatory approvals.A spokesperson for Natixis confirmed that the new entity will be called Ostrum Asset Management, and said the businesses of the former Ostrum that aren’t being combined with LBP AM will be integrated into other Natixis investment affiliates.La Banque Postale said LBP AM and its subsidiary Tocqueville Finance, were “strengthening their position in predominantly SRI multi-specialist conviction management”. Natixis and La Banque Postale are to own 55% and 45%, respectively, of the new Ostrum Asset Management via their asset manager subsidiaries. The new entity will start with more than €415bn in assets under management, based on end-May figures.“The project was conceived in response to the evolution of the market and will be transformative for the asset management industry”NatixisNatixis said the merger project “was conceived in response to the evolution of the market and will be transformative for the asset management industry”.Ostrum Asset Management would seek to quickly grow its volumes and to play a central role in driving the consolidation of the European market in the coming years, it added.The new Ostrum Asset Management will offer investment management for fixed income and credit assets as well as “technological and operational services”, which a spokesperson for Natixis said could include outsourcing services for other asset managers.Philippe Setbon, chief executive officer of Ostrum, will lead the new company, while Mathieu Cheula, who will join LBP AM’s management board from 1 September, will be deputy CEO.Alongside Setbon and Cheula, the new firm’s executive committee will be comprised of asset management professionals drawn from both Ostrum AM and La Banque Postale Asset Management: Ibrahima Kobar, CIO; Guillaume Abel, head of business development; Valérie Derambure, head of finance, strategy and transformation; Julien Raimbault, head of operations and IT/technology; Emmanuelle Portelle, head of compliance and internal control; Rémi Ardaillou, head of risk; and Sylvie Soulère Guidat, head of human resources.Ostrum Asset Management is the former Natixis Asset Management, having been renamed in April 2018.Citigroup executive to take over from Skeoch at SLAStephen Bird has been chosen to succeed Keith Skeoch as chief executive officer of Standard Life Aberdeen (SLA).Bird, who was most recently CEO of global consumer banking at Citigroup, will start as CEO-designate on 1 July and take over fully from Skeoch after a handover period and subject to regulatory approvals.SLA said it envisaged the transition would take place by the end of the third quarter.At that point, Skeoch will be standing down from the board after some five years as group CEO and 14 years as a director. He will serve out the remainder of his contract as non-executive chairman of the Aberdeen Standard Investments Research Institute.Skeoch was originally co-CEO of SLA alongside Martin Gilbert, co-founder of Aberdeen Asset Management, following the latter’s merger with Standard Life, where Skeoch had been CEO. SLA then scrapped the co-CEO model.Bird had been at Citigroup for 21 years before retiring in November last year. He was CEO of global consumer banking from 2015, having been the CEO for all of Citigroup’s Asia Pacific business lines before then.Sir Douglas Flint, chair of SLA, said: “The transition from Keith Skeoch was always going to be a challenge to deliver, given the incredible scale and range of his contributions to the success of the company over many years. I am however extremely pleased to say we have found a truly worthy successor.“I am delighted to welcome Stephen to Standard Life Aberdeen and am looking forward to working with him. He is an inspiring leader with a great track record and experience in leading businesses to harness digital technology to improve both productivity and the client and customer experience.” Following the Bird-Skeoch handover, the SLA board will comprise two executive directors, eight non-executive directors and the chairman. The board will be made up of five women and six men.
A CO Donegal man whose son took on Gardaí in court after his car was seized and won says more motorists need to legally challenge the practice.John Doherty spoke out after both Customs and Gardaí seized a total of 60 vehicles across the county in the past three weeks.The Customs seizures related to UK-registered vehicles which hadn’t Vehicle Registration Tax (VRT) paid. The Garda seizures related mainly to non-payment of road tax. But despite losing a court case five years ago over the practice, Gardaí are continuing to seize vehicles.John’s son John Jnr had his car seized in Letterkenny five years ago. It was registered in Northern Ireland at the time.“The garda in the case said he was seizing John’s car under Section 139 of the 1992 Finance Act,” said John Snr who is part of the Irish Drivers Association lobby group.“John replied that by taking his car the garda was in breach of his rights under European Law, specifically articles 25 and 39 of the Treaty of Rome; that gardai would be in breach of his rights on freedom of movement as well as in breach of diue process under the Irish Constitution.“This effectively says that seizure of goods more than the amount allegedly owed to the State is illegal.”John Snr also confronted Gardai who said his son had a Republic of Ireland drivers’ license. But he responded that it was a European-wide license, which allows him to hire a car whilst abroad – without breaking any laws.It took more than two years for the case to get to court where John Jnr rejected a plea bargain offer on charges of resisting arrest and possession of a foreign-registered vehicle.“The Gardai regretted taking the case to court and offered to drop the resisting arrest charges if the VRT charge was pleaded to but we rejected this,” said John Snr.“In court we told Judge Kevin Kilrane that John had told the garda on the night that failure to deal with the matter by summons was breaching his rights and the judge agreed.“He told the garda that in future he should follow due process. The cases were thrown out of court.”He says the Irish Drivers Association is now advising motorists how to handle a situation where a car is being seized.“What the association are advising people when confronted by customs or Gardai about car seizures in relation to road tax or customs duties/VRT is simply to inform the respective officer that he/she must follow due process and issue them with a summons,” said John.“Every officer has a duty of care to uphold that person’s Constitutional rights.That way they get a fair trial by a court. No roadside penalties should be paid in lieu of going to court. No seizure fee should be paid. By enforcing any of these penalties the State denies you your constitutional right to a fair trial in court.“This is now a fact and has been proven in Letterkenny Court in the case of DPP v John Doherty. Judge Kilrane told the Garda that it was a draconian measure to lift anyone’s car on the roadside. Striking out the case, the judge told the Garda ‘in future guard, follow due process’.”Due Process – the lawThis is the guidance given to motorists from the Irish Drivers Association:Irish constitutional law1. The 3rd amendment to the constitution. Ireland’s accession to Europe. Known as the 1972 European Communities Act. This is where the Gov of 1992 signed up to the terms of the treaty of Rome.2. Constitutional lawThe constitution is the highest law in the land and no other acts of law introduced by governments shall supersede same. The constitution can only be changed or amended by the people by means of a referendum.3. The 1992 Finance Act is an introduction of law which supposedly gives Gardai and Customs the powers of seizure which is contrary to article 15.which states “The Oireachtas shall not enact any law which is in any way repugnant to the constitution or any part thereof.”4. Article 38 The right to a Fair TrialArticle 38 the right to a fair trial in court by a Judge/ jury. If Gardai and customs start to act as judge jury and executioner on the roadside then we no longer need the courts.5. Article 37Every person appointed a judge shall swear an oath to uphold the constitution. And should bring it to the attention of the court where summons are been issued under the 1992 finance act giving powers of seizure is contrary to constitutional law.6. Article 43 property rightsYour property is yours and can not be seized detained or otherwise unless on foot of a court order signed by a Judge not a ( court clerk ) in other words if it’s not signed by a judge it’s not Valid.………………………………………………………European law. Treaty of RomeEuropean principles of proportionalityA court order can not be issued to collect revenue if the property exceeds that which is due to the state. In short they can only lift to the value of, but not above.Treaty article 10Member states shall take appropriate measures to ensure fulfilment of the obligations arising out of the treaty.Article 14The community shall adopt measuresWith the aim of establishing the internal Market over a period expiring on the 31.12.92Article 25Customs duties on imports and exports and (charges having equivalent effect) /VRT shall be prohibited between member states.Article 39. Free movement.The free movement of goods. Persons. And capital.‘WE WON COURT CASE WHEN GARDAÍ SEIZED CAR – YOU CAN DO THE SAME’ – CAMPAIGNER was last modified: April 12th, 2014 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:CUSTOMSGardaiIrish Drivers AssociationJohn DohertyprotestRevenueroad taxVRT