(Visited 108 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 Apparently Francisco Ayala (UC Irvine) thinks that just stating something dogmatically is enough to end all discussion. The scope of his paper in PNAS is grandiose and sweeping, enough to keep philosophers and theologians from around the world busy for years, but Ayala just put out his opinions without any hint of dispute, and stamped it with the seal of the National Academy of Sciences. Here is the abstract from his paper, “Darwin’s greatest discovery: Design without a designer” –Darwin’s greatest contribution to science is that he completed the Copernican Revolution by drawing out for biology the notion of nature as a system of matter in motion governed by natural laws. With Darwin’s discovery of natural selection, the origin and adaptations of organisms were brought into the realm of science. The adaptive features of organisms could now be explained, like the phenomena of the inanimate world, as the result of natural processes, without recourse to an Intelligent Designer. The Copernican and the Darwinian Revolutions may be seen as the two stages of the one Scientific Revolution. They jointly ushered in the beginning of science in the modern sense of the word: explanation through natural laws. Darwin’s theory of natural selection accounts for the “design” of organisms, and for their wondrous diversity, as the result of natural processes, the gradual accumulation of spontaneously arisen variations (mutations) sorted out by natural selection. Which characteristics will be selected depends on which variations happen to be present at a given time in a given place. This in turn depends on the random process of mutation as well as on the previous history of the organisms. Mutation and selection have jointly driven the marvelous process that, starting from microscopic organisms, has yielded orchids, birds, and humans. The theory of evolution conveys chance and necessity, randomness and determinism, jointly enmeshed in the stuff of life. This was Darwin’s fundamental discovery, that there is a process that is creative, although not conscious.There is hardly a line in this paragraph that is not disputed by some of the greatest minds of this and past ages, yet Ayala stated it all as a fact of science and a “discovery” of Charles Darwin. The paper mostly summarized the history of mechanistic science and construed the Darwinian Revolution as supplanting natural theology. Ignoring the Cambrian explosion, he judiciously began his tale of gradualism after the sudden appearance of all the animal phyla: “Several hundred million generations separate modern animals from the early animals of the Cambrian geological period (542 million years ago)…. we can readily understand that the accumulation of millions of small, functionally advantageous changes could yield remarkably complex and adaptive organs, such as the eye,” he said. He also attributed mental and moral qualities – aesthetics, rationality and even free will – to matter in motion: “organisms that populate the Earth, including humans who think and love, endowed with free will and creative powers, and able to analyze the process of evolution itself that brought them into existence,” he said, not blinking a philosophical eye. ”This is Darwin’s fundamental discovery, that there is a process that is creative although not conscious.” He did not ask whether a product of unconsciousness could determine the presence or absence of consciousness in another, nor how a product of irrational forces could rationally defend the truth of such a claim. Apparently this was all intuitively obvious and needed no defense:And this is the conceptual revolution that Darwin completed: the idea that the design of living organisms can be accounted for as the result of natural processes governed by natural laws. This is nothing if not a fundamental vision that has forever changed how mankind perceives itself and its place in the universe.Ayala’s paper was one of a dozen from a colloquium held by the Academy last December in Irvine, California, on the subject, “In the Light of Evolution I: Adaptation and Complex Design.” The papers just became available today (May 10) on the PNAS website. Of course, no one from an Intelligent Design movement was allowed to publish a contrary view or rebuttal.1Francisco J. Ayala, “Darwin’s greatest discovery: Design without designer,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 10.1073/pnas.0701072104, published online before print May 9, 2007.They just aren’t learning, are they? How these people, with Eugenie Scott and Nicholas Matzke and all the other Darwin Party hacks present, can continue to spew out their unchanged rhetoric after years of debates, books, documentaries, conversions and international movements is a measure of their incorrigibility. It would be honorable if they acknowledged the criticisms and strove to address them in a scholarly way. Then, at least, we could have a discussion about the evidence. But they don’t even admit the existence of challenges to their views. When they stoop briefly to admit the existence of critics, they just sweep them away with the same old talking points devised in the 19th century. It’s always one-way communication. They act like wooden dolls with fake ears and prerecorded voices, complete with halitosis. Where have they been? This is the Information Age, the age of molecular machines and biomimetics and rational design. The Science Wars and the collapse of logical positivism have shown one cannot assume a fact/value distinction, a science/religion dichotomy, a demarcation criterion for science, or an objective/subjective posture. Presuppositions matter. It’s not the early 19th century any more. We have paradigms, webs of belief, social and historical influences on science, redefinitions of scientific explanation, deep debates about empiricism vs rationalism, no consensus on what constitutes scientific explanation, and a host of other worries that do not allow one to merely assume science is progressive and true to reality. Even then, Ayala cannot just assume that Darwinism is better aligned with science (whatever it is) than are other world views. Darwinian claims go far, far beyond anything that can be subjected to scientific investigation. Claims this broad need warrant, not assumption. None of the worn-out Darwinist propaganda could stand up to a minute’s worth of hard questioning by an undergrad in philosophy of science or intellectual history. His Copernicanism is all wrong, his history of science could be shredded by even secular historians of science, and his terminology begs numerous questions about what is science, what is design, what is natural law, and whether chance and necessity can produce rationality. No problem, thinks Ayala. I’ll just speak the talking points and let them come true. I’ll use my rationality to disprove rationality. Well, he succeeded on that last point – but only within the boundaries of his own skull. So. If they aren’t going to listen, we shouldn’t listen to them (as if we hadn’t heard their reruns long enough to have them memorized). Tune out of the flat black-and-white Darwin Party propaganda machine, and tune in to the 3-D, stereo, fresh, live broadcasts of the information age. The only value of this paper is a lesson in hindsight. Modern students should study this to learn what the Old Guard of the Darwin Party was saying right before their regime collapsed. It would be like reading Mein Kampf or studying the Sayings of Mao in a 20th century history class – weird, but thank God nobody still believes that. Exercise: Find all the errors of fact and propaganda techniques Ayala used in the abstract quoted above. For an advanced exercise, read his entire paper and search for any actual scientific evidence he used to prove that chance and necessity could produce orchids, birds and humans (remember, microevolution cannot be extrapolated recklessly, and he cannot assume what he needs to prove). Among his historical and scientific references, see if there are observations that are actually relevant to this grandiose claim (e.g., bacterial resistance is limited to bacteria – it does not follow that humans evolved from bacteria). A successful graduate should also be able to describe some of the havoc these ideas have wrought on civilization.
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Ohio’s agribusiness community, agricultural cooperatives and students in The Ohio State University’s College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences (CFAES) will have greater access to research, educational opportunities and technical expertise through a new, college-wide Center for Cooperatives.The center, with staff based at CFAES’s Ohio State University South Centers in Piketon, will have a faculty presence on the Columbus campus. It will integrate the college’s current activities and operations that support cooperative business development, will engage directly with long-established cooperatives, and will provide education both in the classroom and through CFAES’s Ohio State University Extension program and other outreach activities.“The CFAES Center for Cooperatives is expected to be comprehensive and bring together all three mission areas of the college — teaching, research and Extension,” said Tom Worley, OSU South Centers director. “We are pleased to be well positioned to serve the cooperatives community in Ohio through the combined faculty and staff resources of the center.”Worley will oversee the center, with Ani Katchova, associate professor and farm income enhancement chair in CFAES, leading its research programs. Hannah Scott, program manager at the South Centers, will lead the new center’s Extension and outreach activities.Programming for the center will occur within all major CFAES mission areas with a goal of extending knowledge to emerging and established agricultural cooperatives in Ohio and supporting rural economic development. The center will also provide future agricultural professionals with interdisciplinary training and research opportunities.About 40 guests including CFAES faculty, cooperative leaders, and state and federal government representatives attended a reception celebrating the new center Oct. 18 in Columbus. In addition, Debbie Rausch from the Ohio office of the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Rural Development program announced that CFAES has been awarded a Rural Cooperative Development Grant totaling nearly $200,000 to improve rural areas of Ohio and West Virginia through the development of cooperatives and other mutually owned businesses.
Maps, Charts & Graphs: Your Geocaching Stats RevealedIt’s a Geocaching Premium member perk you may not know about and a Basic member feature that’s fun to explore. Here’s the link you need: My Geocaching Statistics. We can talk about the cool graphs, the charts and the milestones, but you just have to see it. If you haven’t clicked on the link yet, here’s what you’ll get: Basic Members see “Your Caching Chronology” – a breakdown of your geocache finds with a look at the month you’ve found your most geocaches and the day of the week you’re most likely to geocache. Geocaching Premium members unlock detailed statistics. It’s three pages of bar graphs, charts with rising zigzags and number breakdowns sliced and diced in nearly a dozen ways. You can track your milestones from your first find through your 10,000th find and beyond. Geocaching Premium members can follow their geocaching progress on custom maps and more.You can also edit which statistics you see and whether or not they’re available to the rest of the geocaching community. When you’re planning your next geocaching goal, your statistics are a great place to start.What statistic do you track the most? Tell us in comments below. SharePrint RelatedGroundspeak Weekly Newletter – December 28, 2010December 28, 2010In “Groundspeak’s Weekly Newsletter”Four reasons to start using Project-GCMay 30, 2017In “Geocaching Weekly Newsletter”Geocache Icon Run: find the most cache types in one dayApril 19, 2018In “Community” Share with your Friends:More
Japan ex-PM Nakasone who boosted ties with US dies at 101 LATEST STORIES MOST READ Curry scored 13 of his points in the third quarter and the defending champions avoided falling to 0-2 at home after losing their opener to Houston on Oct. 17. He made an off-balance layup with 1:28 to go then Golden State made a stop on the other end before Durant’s big three.“We had ourselves in a great position and we made some key mental mistakes that cost us,” DeRozan said. “Nothing went our way, everything went their way in that last minute.”Pascal Siakam scored 20 points as Toronto lost its 13th in a row at Golden State and seventh straight in the series. Serge Ibaka added 15 points and Kyle Lowry 14 points and nine assists.Thompson had two 3s and Durant another from downtown during a 9-0 run late in the second quarter and Thompson another in the waning seconds that put Golden State up 61-53 at the break.Rookie Jordan Bell’s dunk that featured a toss to himself off the backboard Saturday at Memphis drew some debate.Coach Steve Kerr spoke to the first-year forward out of Oregon, whose play had Curry and Durant’s jaws dropping.“I told him after it happened, I said be ready for them to retaliate. He had a bewildered look on his face. I think the issue is you’ve got old-school people, players on our own team, like Shaun Livingston, David West,” Kerr said. “The young guys are like, ‘Man, that was cool.’ I’m sort of in the middle, I never want to embarrass our opponent.”Kerr made a heartfelt message about loving and accepting your neighbor as the Warriors hosted LGBT Pride Night. Warriors President and COO Rick Welts was the first openly gay NBA executive.“There’s never been a more important time in our country to respect the person next to you, regardless of race, creed, color, sexual preference, sexual identity. I’m really encouraged by my kids’ experience here in California growing up, just in terms of acceptance. It seems like the young generation is learning more and more about we all just are who we are. We’re all individuals. What makes our country great is our diversity. The fact that we can respect each other and work together and embrace each other, I think it’s an important night for us. We want to welcome everybody from the LGBTQ community. Maybe, if you’re coming to the game tonight and your child says, ‘What does that mean?’ explain it to them. Explain to them the importance of loving the person next to you, respecting them, no matter who they are, where they come from. They’re human beings, we’re all human beings. We’re all in this together.” Ferrari’s fast F1 start reduced to late-season flop Golden State Warriors’ Stephen Curry, right, shoots against Toronto Raptors’ Jakob Poeltl, left, as Warriors’ Draymond Green, second from right, blocks Raptors’ Delon Wright (55) during the second half of an NBA basketball game Wednesday, Oct. 25, 2017, in Oakland, California. (AP Photo/Ben Margot)OAKLAND, California—The defending NBA champions are working to rediscover their defense. Not to mention their basic rebounding fundamentals of boxing out and ability to avoid silly fouls.They barely beat the scrappy Raptors to avoid an 0-2 home start.ADVERTISEMENT Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa QC cops nab robbery gang leader, cohort Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. View comments Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH Kevin Durant out with Achilles injury; to undergo MRI on Tuesday PLAY LIST 03:12Kevin Durant out with Achilles injury; to undergo MRI on Tuesday01:43Who are Filipinos rooting for in the NBA Finals?01:08Huge Toronto crowd celebrates Raptors’ historic win01:37Protesters burn down Iran consulate in Najaf01:47Panelo casts doubts on Robredo’s drug war ‘discoveries’01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC “Our defense has been horrible,” Draymond Green said.Stephen Curry hit a go-ahead 3-pointer from the top with 31.9 seconds left on the way to 30 points, and the sloppy Warriors held off Toronto 117-112 on Wednesday night.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutKevin Durant’s 3-pointer with 1:02 remaining tied the game at 112, then he found Curry for the 3 that made the difference.“A 4-year-old up in the stands probably could have seen that we should have been boxing out,” Durant said of the 17 offensive rebounds surrendered. “… We don’t want to build bad habits and Coach is doing a good job of correcting us when we make mistakes.” Read Next Kin of Misamis Oriental hero cop to get death benefits, award — PNP Stronger peso trims PH debt value to P7.9 trillion Durant finished with 29 points on 11-for-20 shooting, Klay Thompson scored 22 points with four 3-pointers, and Curry capitalized with a huge second half.DeMar DeRozan scored 24 points. He drove through the paint for a dunk with 3:53 to play then hit a key jumper a minute later to put Toronto in position after Curry, Durant and Thompson each missed key 3s down the stretch.Green had 15 points, 11 rebounds, six assists and two steals but also six of Golden State’s 17 turnovers.Jakob Poeltl had 11 of his 14 rebounds on the offensive glass.“It’s a focus thing,” Green said.ADVERTISEMENT CPP denies ‘Ka Diego’ arrest caused ‘mass panic’ among S. Tagalog NPA
Whoops! Man Utd (& Norway’s PM!) let slip Solskjaer appointmentby Paul Vegas10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveManchester United announced the appointment of new interim manager Ole Gunnar Solskjaer… sort of!United sacked Jose Mourinho on Tuesday after a dismal start to the season.And it appears a website error has let slip Solskjaer is leaving Molde to replace him.On the club’s official website, a video of Solskjaer scoring in the 1999 Champions League final victory over Bayern Munich was added with the headline saying: “The most famous night of Ole’s career.”But underneath that a caption said: “Solskjaer becomes our interim manager, 20 seasons after clinching the Treble with THAT goal at Camp Nou…”The post was quickly removed.But even Norway’s Prime Minister appeared to confirm the news before any word from United.Erna Solberg tweeted, which was quickly deleted, saying: “Great day for Norwegian football. Good luck keeping control of the Red Devils, @olegs26_ole.” TagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say
About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Bullard: West Ham midfielder Rice a modern No4by Paul Vegasa month agoSend to a friendShare the loveJimmy Bullard admits he’s a fan of West Ham midfielder Declan Rice.The Irons fan is fulsome in his praise of England youngster Declan Rice, who he believes will continue thriving at the heart of midfield.He told the Mirror, “He’s a modern day No.4, keeping the ball, breaking it up, an athlete. But what about at centre-half, the position where he made his name in junior football?“If you’re a Manchester City who really own possession, he could be a great centre-half. But for West Ham, he’s a No.4.“If he was at City he could play centre-half, like John Stones, 100 percent. If you’re possession based, you’ve got to be as good as a midfielder.“Even goalkeepers now, they need to be able to play a ball, have vision.”
Ohio State head-coach-in-waiting Ryan Day answers questions from the media during a press conference at the Fawcett Center on Dec. 4. Credit: Amal Saeed | Assistant Photo EditorRyan Day has spent only three games as head coach of Ohio State, but when he takes the reins as the full-time head coach on Jan. 2, 2019, he will immediately become one of the highest paid coaches in college football.Day will be the head coach for five years and will receive an annual pay of $4.5 million, according to his term sheet obtained by The Lantern. His contract will give him a base salary of $850,000, with media, promotions and public relations adding $2.39 million, equipment deals giving him $1.25 million and a Coca-Cola appearance of $10,000.On top of that, Day will receive separate retention payments of $250,000 if he is still the Buckeyes head coach on Jan. 31, 2022, and Jan. 31, 2024.According to a database of college football coaches’ salaries by USA Today, $4.5 million would place Day as the 18th-highest paid coach in college football. The database said Urban Meyer made $7.6 million this year, second only to Alabama’s Nick Saban, who made $8.3 million.Day was named the head coach in waiting after Meyer announced his retirement Tuesday afternoon. Day, formally the offensive coordinator, served as acting head coach when Meyer was suspended for the first three games of the season. He was paid $487,000 for his time at the helm.As offensive coordinator, Day made a base salary of $810,000 that, with incentives, could have reached as high as $1.1 million.The term sheet also lists academic bonuses for his team’s success in the classroom. He would receive $50,000 if his team has a cumulative GPA of 3.0, $100,000 if the team reaches 3.3 and $150,000 if the team averages a 3.5 GPA. The GPAs are based off both fall and spring semesters and he would receive the bonuses on May 30 each year.Of course, Day will also be rewarded for the team’s success on the field. If Ohio State wins the Big Ten East, he will be given a $50,000 bonus. On top of that, he can receive an additional $100,000 if his team wins the conference. Should the Buckeyes make it to a College Football Playoff bowl game, he will be given a $200,000 bonus. If that bowl game is a CFP semi-final game, the bonus is $250,000, however, he would receive a $350,000 if he leads the team to the finals. Should he find personal success, winning Big Ten Coach of the Year, Day would receive $50,000. He could also receive $75,000 if he is named National Coach of the Year.The term sheet also gives him an automobile stipend of $1,200 per month. Day will also be given a chance to enjoy his leisure time, with Ohio State providing Day with a membership to a mutually agreed upon golf course. The university would pay any monthly dues, but Day has to pay any personal expenses with the membership.A private jet will be available for Day to use on any university business, including recruiting visits in time not exceeding 50 hours per year. Day can also use the aircraft for 50 personal hours per year.Day can treat his family and friends to tickets to Ohio State football games with 12 football tickets per home game and five press booth credentials, with the option to buy 20 additional home tickets. Day’s spouse and family will be granted access to a suite for the games. Day will also receive two parking passes per home football game. He also will be given two tickets per home men’s basketball game.
Wahbi Khazri has left English side Sunderland to join Saint-Etienne, according to Goal.The Tunisian has called time on his nightmare spell with Sunderland after playing only 42 times in three seasons to sign for French Club Saint-Etienne.Khazri captained his country Tunisia to the just concluded FIFA World Cup in Russia scoring twice and providing the assists as the Carthage Eagles failed to move beyond the group stages of the competition.Tunisia were placed in group G alongside eventual second runners-up Belgium, England and new comers Panama. They manage a single victory which was a 2-1 win over Panama before they were eliminated and sent home.Khazri spent last season on loan from Sunderland with Rennes in France scoring nine times in 27 appearances.Victor Osimhen taking over Ligue 1 Taimoor Khan – August 29, 2019 He might have only recently joined Lille but Victor Osimhen has perfectly adjusted to life in Ligue 1 and scored a brace to hand…That form led to Saint-Etienne signing the winger on a four-year deal from Sunderland for a fee thought to be around £8million.The 27-year-old signed for Wearside based Sunderland in January 2016 from Bordeaux helping the club avoid the drop to the Sky Bet Championship that season. He only manages three goals in 42 appearances for the now relegated team who find themselves in the championship.Frederic Paquet, Saint-Etienne director believes that Khazri can improve much more as he returns back to France.“At his age now Wahbi has reached more maturity. He led from the front for his country with outstanding performances though they failed to make it past the group stages.” Paquet said.“He’s has a lot of character and he’s a gifted technical footballer as well. I’m sure he’ll do well for us.”
Water levels are down in most of the rivers on the Kenai Peninsula, and that means it’s time to make the extra effort in your days on the river to clean up as much as you can while you can. Anyone can volunteer with Stream Watch. Main: “The more the merrier, no matter whether it’s part of our organization or not. Folks can keep an eye out for one of our events, or one of our coordinators.” Stream Watch volunteers are hoping that people spend more time thinking about how critically important the river is to the community. Alice Main from Stream Watch: “It’s always good to mitigate our impacts where we can, and clean up where we can.” Stream Watch Started in 1994 by a group of concerned citizens and the Chugach National Forest, this volunteer driven program has grown from a grassroots collective of 10 to a volunteer movement of 180+ volunteers who are making a difference for rivers on Alaska’s Kenai Peninsula. For any questions call (907) 260-5449 x 1205. Photo courtesy of Stream Watch